PARIS – Married people are less prone to heart attacks than singletons and more likely to recover if stricken, according to a Finnish study published Thursday.

Researchers collected data on 15,330 people in Finland between the ages of 35 and 99 who suffered “acute coronary events” between 1993 and 2002.

Just over half of the patients died within 28 days of the attacks.

The team found that unmarried men in all age groups were 58-66 percent more likely to suffer a heart attack than married ones.

For women the nuptial benefit was even greater — single women were 60 to 65 percent more likely to suffer acute coronary events, the Finnish researchers wrote in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

For both genders, wedlock also considerably lowered heart attack mortality.

Unmarried men were 60-168 percent and unmarried women 71-175 percent more likely to die of a heart attack within 28 days, compared to their unhitched counterparts.

“Single living and/or being unmarried increases the risk of having a heart attack and worsens its prognosis both in men and women regardless of age,” the team wrote.

“Most of the excess mortality appears already before the hospital admission and seems not to relate to differences in treatment.”
Speculating on the reasons, the team said married people may have a higher, combined income, healthier habits and a bigger support network.

“It may be assumed that resuscitation or calling for help was initiated faster and more often among those married or cohabiting,” said the authors.

They could also not discount the psychological effects of marital bliss.

“Unmarried people have been found to be more likely depressed and according to previous studies depression seems to have an adverse effect on cardiovascular mortality ..... (article cut to save bandwidth)

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In the new study, scientists administered Viagra to mice and monitored the levels of UCP-1 in the rodents' fat. Over the course of a week, they found, levels of UCP-1 increased dramatically, and the formerly white fat began turning beige.
In his blog post, Rehman--who was not involved with the study--goes on to say that scientists have been trying lots of methods for "browning" fat, with the aim of combating obesity. But, he warns, "overweight people should not expect that "Super-Size" orders at their favorite fast food joint will come with a Viagra pill." The science is young, and doctors don't even know yet if brown fat is really healthier than white fat.

http://www.popsci.com/science/

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Nearly 20% of women in the US are raped or suffer attempted rape at some point in their lives, a US study says.
Even more women, estimated at 25%, have been attacked by a partner or husband, the Centers for Disease Control said.

The findings form part of the first set of results from a nationwide study surveying sexual violence by intimate partners against men and women.

More than 24 people a minute reported rape, violence, or stalking, it says, with 12 million offences reported.

Experts at the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) described the results of the first year of the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey as "astounding".

Among the key figures included in the survey's findings were:

- more than one million women reported being raped in the 12 months prior to the survey

- more than six million women and men were a victim of stalking

- more than 12 million women and men reported rape, physical violence or stalking by an intimate partner over the course of a year.
Lifelong hurt

"People who experience sexual violence, stalking or intimate partner violence often deal with the effects for their entire life," said Dr Linda Degutis, director of CDC's National Center for Injury Prevention and Control.

Many of those attacked experience rape or sexual assault in their early years, with almost 80% of rape victims suffering their ordeal before before the age of 25.

Some 35% of women raped before they were aged 18 were also raped as adults, Dr Degutis added.

Among the effects measured by the study, Dr Degutis said, were increased fears for safety and incidents of post-traumatic stress among victims.

Clinical conditions including asthma, irritable bowel syndrome, ..... (article cut to save bandwidth)

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NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – Doctor visits, hospital care, and lost work days due to food allergies come with an annual $500 million price tag, according to a new U.S. study.

Visits to the doctor's office make up the bulk of the medical costs, researchers estimate, amounting to at least $118 million.

Food allergies among children have climbed 18 percent from 1997 to 2007, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Today, about four of every 100 Americans suffer from the exaggerated immune response, which can be triggered by peanuts, milk, eggs and other products.

Using several databases, the researchers tallied up the cost of emergency room care, hospitalizations, and visits to the physician's office for allergic reactions. They then used those numbers to estimate the nationwide cost of treatment and reported their results in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

Total medical costs ranged from $225 million to $307 million, depending on the type of calculation the researchers performed.

Visits to the emergency department cost $45 million, about 20 percent of the total medical fees.

David Holdford, a pharmacist at Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond who worked on the study, told Reuters Health he had expected emergency room visits to make up a bigger chunk of the medical costs.

Food allergies can trigger anaphylaxis, a severe reaction that can cause breathing difficulty, heart problems and death and requires immediate attention.

Doctor visits comprised 52 percent of medical costs.

"We were surprised that physician visits were more than half of the costs," said Holdford, who is also an investor in Johnson and Johnson, which makes allergy medications.

"I think what's happening is a lot of these (doctor) visits are not for acute visits," but for ..... (article cut to save bandwidth)

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